Literature Review : Factors Affecting Birth Weight and its Management


  • Nuke Devi Indrawati Kebidanan, Fakultas Ilmu Keperawatan dan Kesehatan, Universitas Muhamamdiyah Semarang
  • Maria Ulfah Kurnia Dewi Kebidanan, Fakultas Ilmu Keperawatan dan Kesehatan, Universitas Muhamamdiyah Semarang
  • Dian Nintyasari Mustika Kebidanan, Fakultas Ilmu Keperawatan dan Kesehatan, Universitas Muhamamdiyah Semarang
  • Dewi Puspitaningrum Kebidanan, Fakultas Ilmu Keperawatan dan Kesehatan, Universitas Muhamamdiyah Semarang



low birth weight, infants, management of low birth weight


The literature review has the aim of reviewing and comparing the similarities of several research results regarding the factors that influence the occurrence of low birth weight babies and their management methods in several hospitals in Indonesia. Literature review method with this study was carried out by conducting a literature review by searching several national journals. Literature search using several keywords, namely "low birthweight (LBW)", "infants", "management of LBW" for 10 literature publications from 2012-2022. Article searches used Sciencedirect, Garuda Portal, Mendeley and Google Scholar for articles with quantitative and qualitative designs. Results Of the ten articles stated that LBW occurs not only in premature babies but normal babies can also experience LBW. LBW is not only influenced by the mother's knowledge but other factors such as nutrition, pregnancy interval, age, parity, lifestyle, and pregnancy complications. Discussion and Conclusion: Here the role of health workers and parents in handling LBW is very important without having to be expensive and can be done at home so that it can help increase LBW with exclusive breastfeeding, prevent hypothermia, prevent infection and keep the baby healthy so that stunting does not occur.


Adhein Ayu, M, and Murdoyo Rahmanoe. 2014. "Medical Therapy for Babies with Low Birth Weight (LBW)." Medulla 2(03): 1–7.

Agustina, Silvia Ari, and Liberty Barokah. 2018. "Determinants of Low Birth Weight (LBW)." Journal of Midwifery 8 (2): 143.

Alba, Afif D, Ditte Ayu Suntara, and Dedy Siska. 2021. "Relationship between LBW History and Stunting Incidents in Toddlers in the Work Area of the Sekupang Health Center, Batam City in 2019." Journal of Research Innovation 1 (12): 6.

Amalia, Sindi Eka Nur. 2019. "Risk Factors for Low Birth Weight Babies (LBW) in Indonesia (Further Analysis of 2017 IDHS Data)." Thesis, 1–114.

Anasthasia, Tantri Retno, and Efri Diah Utami. 2020. “Factors Influencing the Incidence of Low Birth Weight in Indonesia in 2020” 2020 (2021): 863–72.

Aprilliani, Amelia, and Sylvi Wafda. 2019. Midwifery Philosophy. New York: Tim

C England. 2015. The Healthy Low Birth Weight Baby, Myles Text Book for Midwives. Churchill: Livingstone Elsener.

Dea Syifa Ananda. 2022. "How to prevent stunting from the first 1,000 days of a child's life," 2022. /how to prevent stunting from the first 1000 days of a child's life?page=all.

Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia. 2009. "Guidelines for Health Services for Low Birth Weight Babies (LBW) with Kangaroo Method Care in Hospitals and Their Networks."

Health Office, Central Java. 2021. "Central Java in 2021."

Dwihestie, Luluk Khusnul, Sholaikhah Sulistyoningtyas, and Tri Nofiasari. 2019 "Factors Associated with the Incidence of Low Birthh Weight (LBW) in Wonosari Gunungkidul Hospital, Yogyakarta." Avicenna: Journal of Health Research 5:1–8.

IDAI. 2016. "Consensus on Nutrition Care for Premature Infants." 10.1007/978-3-322-95497-8-1

Khoriah, Annisa. 2017. "Relationship Between Age and Parity of Maternity with Low Birth Weight (LBW) Babies at Siti Khadijah Islamic Hospital Palembang." Journal of Health 8 (2): 310.

Lestari, Yogi Andi. 2018. "Differences in Infant Outcomes Between High Parity Mothers and Low Parity Mothers." Al Irdyad Journal of Health (JKA) XI (1): 74–82.

Mufdlilah. 2012. Midwifery Documentation. Yogyakarta: New Library.

Nur, Rosmala, Adhar Arifuddin, and Redita Novilia. 2016. "Analysis of Risk Factors for Low Birth Weight." Journal of Public Health 7(1):29–42

Empress, Hanum. 2021. "Nursing Care for Low Birth Weight Babies with Nursing Problems at Risk of Infection in the NICU Room of Dr. Haryono Ponoroogo Hospital."

Republic of Indonesia, Ministry of Health. 2021. Maternal and Child Health Books. Jakarta: Ministry Republic of Indonesia.

Saputra, L. 2014. Neonatal Care for Infants and Toddlers. Tangerang: Bina Algara

Sujianti. 2018. "Relationship between Maternal Age and the Incidence of Low Birth Weight Babies (LBW) At Cilacap Hospital.” Health Al-Irsyad XI (1): 62–67.

Susilowati, Enny, Rocky Wilar, and Praevilia Salendu. 2016. "Risk Factors Associated with the Incidence of Low Birth Weight in Neonates Treated at Prof. Hospital. Dr. RD Kandou Period January 2015- July 2016.” E Clinic 4 (2).

Triningsih, Wiji. 2019. "Management of Care for Low Birth Weight Infants (LBW)." Public Relations Sardjito. 2019. care-bayi-berat-badan-lahir-dinding-bblr/

RI law. 2019. RI Law No. 4 of 2019. Concerning Midwifery, issued 2019.

WHO, and UNICEF. 2014. "Improving Child Nutrition The Achievable Imperative for Global Progress." New York: Unicef. Soekardjo Tasikmalaya.

Yasadipura, Conchita Christal, I Wayan Bikin Suryawan, and Anak Agung Made Sucipta. 2020. "Relationship between Low Birth Weight (LBW) Babies and Hyperbilirubinemia in Neonates at Wangaya Hospital, Bali, Indonesia." Digest of Medical Science 11(3):1277–81.

Yulaikhah, Lily, Eniyati, and Alfie Ardiana Sari. 2019. "Increase in Weight in LBW Babies with Kangaroo Method (PMK) Treatment at Wates Kulon Progo Hospital Improvement of Body Weight on LBW Babies with Care of Kangaroo (PMK) Mmethod of RSUD Wates Kulonprogo." Samodra Science Health Journal 10 (1).

Yunanto M sholeh, Dewi RA, GI Sarosa, Usman A. 2014. Textbook of Neonatology. 1st ed. Jakarta: Indonesian Doctors Association.







Most read articles by the same author(s)

Similar Articles

> >> 

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.